HOW A DDOS ATTACK WORKS
Before the attack can occur, the attackers must build botnets, which are networks of computers that can be used to flood the targeted website with traffic. To build this network, attackers spread malicious software that can help them remotely control other people’s computers without their knowledge. Computer owners can quickly become part of a botnet network by downloading unknown files or opening email attachments. The larger the network of computers, the more powerful the DDoS attack will be. Some botnets consist of millions of computers, however the average size of a botnet is around 6,000 computers.Attackers who do not have the ability to build their own botnet can easily purchase one to use in a DDoS attack. There are many underground markets on the web that sell botnets for as little as $150.After the attacker has secured the botnet, he is able to launch a DDoS attack on a targeted website. The botnet can operate in a number of ways depending on the type of DDoS attack that is being used.